Raccoons, with their dexterous paws and ever-curious nature, can cause significant damage to homes and properties if left unchecked or unnoticed for too long. Understanding the potential damage caused by raccoons and implementing effective raccoon-proofing measures are essential for protecting your home. This guide provides insights into raccoon damage and offers practical strategies for raccoon-proofing your property.

Raccoon Damage to Homes

Structural Damage:

  • Raccoons can cause structural damage to homes by accessing attics, crawl spaces, and roof voids. They may tear off shingles, damage vents, and create entry points through gaps or weak areas in the roof.

Insulation Damage:

  • Once inside, raccoons may tear and shred insulation materials to create nests for themselves and their offspring. This can compromise the effectiveness of insulation and lead to energy loss.

Electrical Damage:

  • Raccoons are known to chew on electrical wires, posing a fire hazard and potentially causing power outages or electrical malfunctions in homes. Damage to wiring can result in costly repairs and safety risks.

Signs of Raccoon Infestation

Nocturnal Activity:

  • Raccoons are primarily nocturnal animals, so homeowners may hear noises such as scratching, thumping, or vocalizations coming from attics or wall voids during the night.

Presence of Droppings:

  • Raccoon droppings are cylindrical in shape, similar to those of a small to medium-sized dog. Finding droppings in and around your property, especially in areas like attics or near garbage cans, indicates raccoon activity.

Property Damage:

  • Visible signs of property damage, such as torn shingles, damaged vents, or overturned garbage cans, may indicate raccoon presence. Inspect your property regularly for signs of disturbance.

Raccoon-Proofing Your Home

Seal Entry Points:

  • Conduct a thorough inspection of your home to identify and seal potential entry points, including gaps in the roofline, vents, chimneys, and openings in the foundation or siding.

Secure Garbage Bins:

  • Use raccoon-proof garbage bins with secure lids to prevent raccoons from accessing and rummaging through trash. Additionally, avoid leaving pet food or bird feeders outdoors overnight.

Install Motion-Activated Lights and Alarms:

  • Motion-activated lights and alarms can deter raccoons from approaching your property. Place them near potential entry points or areas where raccoon activity is observed.

Trim Tree Branches:

  • Trim tree branches that overhang or provide access to your roof, as raccoons can use them to gain entry to your home. Keep vegetation near your home well-maintained to eliminate hiding spots.

Secure Attic Access:

  • Install sturdy hardware cloth or metal mesh over attic vents and openings to prevent raccoons from entering. Ensure that existing vents are securely fastened and in good condition.


Preventing raccoon damage and intrusion into your home requires a proactive approach and diligent maintenance. By understanding the potential damage caused by raccoons, recognizing signs of infestation, and implementing effective raccoon-proofing strategies, homeowners can protect their properties and maintain a safe and secure living environment for themselves and their families. If you suspect a raccoon infestation or encounter persistent raccoon activity, consider seeking professional assistance from a licensed wildlife removal specialist to address the issue effectively.